About Us

Hello Everybody!!
We are Anindya & Pratyay, Japanese Language teachers and translators. Presently we are teaching at a Japanese Language Learning Centre in our hometown, Kolkata-India.

The most interesting part of language learning is experiencing another culture. For, Language does not exist apart from culture, that is, the socially inherited assemblage of practices and beliefs that determines the texture of our life. The study of Japanese language offers unique insights into Japan’s fascinating national culture, which boasts a rich heritage in the fields of native craftsmanship, performance art, visual art, music, film and graphic design. Anyone who can see and feel the beauty of the Japanese Language and culture can improve her/his cultural understanding and international awareness. It also helps one to gain an enhanced perspective of one’s own language and culture.

Through this Blog we would like to offer and share our knowledge and exchange our views & ideas with you all on Japanese language and culture. Let’s expand our possibilities both professionally and personally by learning Japanese.

If you have any query regarding translation or interpretation from Japanese to English or vice versa,
please feel free to contact us.....
letter2anindya@gmail.com or pratyajayaditya@gmail.com

Saturday, June 25, 2011

TOROKKO : Akutagawa Ryunosuke


I did this translation from Japanese to Bengali for fun & also for practice. I've been translating J -> E documents for sometime, but have always wanted to try my hand at some literary work. I chose this story because it is not copyrighted and I could post my translation on the web. This translation may still require a bit more polishing. Any suggestion in this regard would be highly appreciated.

The original Japanese text.


Friday, June 3, 2011

Japan: The New Destination for Indian Students?

Historical Perspective:
Japan and the India have had a very rich cultural, historical and academic relationship for centuries, and the admiration for Japan on the part of the Indian intelligentsia was well-known. It was Swami Vivekananda, who first c
alled the youth of India to go to Japan for higher studies. Vivekananda visited Japan on his way to America to attend the World Congress of Religions in 1893.
He was so impressed by the advancement that the Japan had made in the field of science and technology and also the development strategy undertaken by the Meiji government that his message for the young students of India was to “Look East”.


Globalization of Japanese Society:
However, until recently Japan was not a very favourite destination for
Indian students in pursuit of higher education and the number of them going to Japan for higher studies was very miniscule.
For Indian students, only one question ultimately decides their study destination. This is – “what are they expected to do after they pr
ocure a degree? What is employment prospect in the receiving country?” And Japan was not a very attractive destination from this perspective.
But times are changing. Two policies taken up by Japan in 2008 have raised the profile of international students. The first is the internationalization of education and making Japan more open-minded. The second is the promotion of highly skilled migration and fostering links between export education and permanent migration. Japan has settled upon the Framework of the
“300,000 International Students Plan”, which aims to welcome 300,000 international stud
ents by the year 2020 and to help them search for jobs after graduation and
thus to facilitate the transition to work from study. This policy will expand the flow of Indian students towards Japan and incentivise them to remain in Japan.

The stages at which the Indian students can join
The Japanese education system follows the basic 6–3–3–4 route. The higher education starts upon completion of a total of 12 years of primary education.

A foreigner in Japan can join the education system after completing 12 years of basic education in her/his own country. There are 5 types of higher educational institutions where international students can be admitted to:
  1. Colleges of Technology
  2. Professional Training Colleges
  3. Junior Colleges
  4. Universities
  5. Graduate Schools
Colleges of Technology(Technical Colleges):
These colleges offer comprehensive 5-year education programs (5 and a half year for mercantile marine).
Most international students enter the colleges of technology straight into the third year program onwards.

Most of the colleges of technology are related to the industrial field. The purpose of colleges of technology is to conduct in-depth learning in specialized disciplines and to a develop student's abilities necessary for employment.
Graduates of colleges of technology are awarded the "associate d
egree” and their rate of employment is almost 100%.
Colleges of technology also offer higher 2-year major programs. Graduates of these major programs are awarded the "bachelor's degree", upon passing the examination set by the National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation (NIAD-UE). Of late, many of the students are opting for further studies in the major programs or transfer into the universities (the third year of the university programs).

Professional Training Colleges:
Specialized training colleges offering post-secondary courses are called professional training colleges.
The special feature of the professional training colleges is the variety of courses offered according to the skill and certification required. The common fields include motor mechanics, hairdressing, architecture animation, medical care, system engineering, hotel management fashion designing, interpretati
on and the like.

Those courses usually take 2 years to complete but more than 30% of the students are taking the 3 and 4-year course. The students are awarded the “diploma” (2 years course) or “advanced diploma” (4-year course) when they complete courses recognized by the National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation (NIAD-UE). “Diploma” graduates are eligible to enter a university’s undergraduate program while “advanced diploma” graduates are eligible to enter graduate schools.
The aim at these educational institutions is to teach the know-how, technology and skills required for a profession.

Junior Colleges:
Junior colleges offer two year (3 years in the case of nursing courses, etc.) "Associate Degree". One third of junior colleges are for women only. Half of the course subjects are related to arts, home economics, education and social studies.
The purpose of junior colleges is to conduct in-depth learning and research in specialized disciplines and to develop abilities necessary for employment and daily life.

Universities:
The universities are the centres of advanced learning. University education puts emphasis on scientific principles or theoretical research and education in specialized academic disciplines.
A standard course is 4 years, but undergraduate study of medicine, dent
istry and in some cases pharmacy and veterinary science goes on for 6 years.
A student will be awarded the “bachelor’s degree” upon graduation.

Graduate Schools:
A university may also have a graduate school offering master courses (two-year standard term of study) and doctoral courses (five-year standard term
of study, four years for medicine, dentistry and veterinarian medicine) or professional degree courses (two-year standard term of study; however, depending on the field in some cases it can take between one and two years or more than three years).
Those who have completed the graduate course are awarded a master’s, or a doctorate or a professional degree.

Japanese Language Institutions:
The programs offered exclusively in English are limited. So, international students do not have adequate Japanese language proficiency, have to study Japanese before entering institutes of higher learning.
There are various Japanese language institutes for all proficiency levels, and courses of different durations. These include Japanese language schools and private universities offering special courses for international stude
nts. The study duration is from 1 to 2 years for both types.
But only a school recognised by the Association for the Promotion of Japanese Language Education (APJLE) is allowed to offer courses to students with a student visa (shugaku visa).
Entry Requirements
Japanese Language Skills:
Normally, lectures in Japanese higher educational institutions are conducted in Japanese. In professional training colleges, there are no courses which can be taken in English. So, following are the criteria to get admission:
  • Applicants who have received six or more months of Japanese language education at an educational institution certified by the Association for the Promotion of Japanese Language Education
  • Applicants who have passed level 1 or 2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT)
  • Applicants who have scored 200 or more points (combined total for reading, comprehension, and listening) in Japanese on the Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU)
  • Students who have scored more than 400 points in their Business Japanese Proficiency Test (BJT JLRT) conducted by the Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation.
However, under the “Global 30” project initiated in 2008, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology strives to make more and more programs available in English for international students. Under this project some 300 courses will be offered fully in English in 13 leading universities. One these universities, Ritsumeikan University has recently opened their overseas office in New Delhi.

So, those who have adequate Japanese language proficiency or those who are planning to take courses offered in English need not enter a Japanese language institute in Japan and can directly seek admission to the institutes of higher learning.

Other Criteria:
Professional Training Colleges, Colleges of technology & Junior Colleges: Applicants must have completed 12 years of full time school education (which includes meeting the requirement for completing secondary education) and is over 18 years old.

Universities: To enter an undergraduate program, you are required to have completed 12 years of full time education and must have reached 18 years age. You will usually be required to take the "Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students"(EJU).
Almost all national universities, about two thirds of the public universities and roughly half of the private universities use the EJU as admission criteria for international students, while the others apply their own entrance exams.

Graduate Schools: Completion of an undergraduate degree is required for acceptance onto a graduate program in Japan. Universities have their own entry requirements, and there is no standardised entrance exam as at the undergraduate level. Some universities may allow holders of undergraduate degrees to enrol on a Doctoral program, but almost exclusively you will require a Master's degree before you can enrol in a Doctoral program.

For More Information:
Higher study in Japan can no longer be dismissed simply as an option for Japanophiles. If you’re looking for quality educational institutions, for conducive learning environment, safe and friendly everyday life, Japan is the place for you.
The modern Japanese culture and society is a diverse mix of old and new, eastern and western. The students will have plenty of opportunities to sample this best of the Japanese culture & have a deep and positive impression. Everyday life will become just as meaningful as studies.